Ajwain (carom seeds):  Benefits, Side Effects, and Uses - GITA

Ajwain (carom seeds), also known as carom seeds, is a spice commonly used in Indian cuisine. But its uses extend far beyond culinary purposes, as it boasts an impressive array of health benefits and traditional medicinal applications. Here's a comprehensive guide to ajwain:


  • Digestive health: Ajwain is a renowned digestive aid, helping relieve indigestion, bloating, gas, and colic pain. It stimulates enzymes, soothes stomach cramps, and improves overall gut health.
    • Respiratory relief: Ajwain's expectorant and decongestant properties help clear mucus and alleviate symptoms of cough, cold, and asthma. It's also known to relieve chest pain and congestion.
      • Pain management: Ajwain's anti-inflammatory properties might provide relief from pain associated with arthritis, headaches, and toothaches.
        • Antimicrobial and parasitic: Ajwain exhibits potent antimicrobial and antifungal properties, aiding in fighting infections and parasitic infestations.
          • Other potential benefits: Studies suggest ajwain may help lower blood pressure, manage menstrual cramps, and even fight against certain cancers.

            Side effects:

            While generally safe for most individuals in moderate amounts, excessive consumption of ajwain can cause:

            • Stomach upset: Overdosing can lead to diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting.
              • Skin irritation: Topical application of ajwain oil may cause redness, itching, and burning sensation.
                • Pregnancy and breastfeeding: Pregnant and breastfeeding women should consult their doctor before using ajwain due to limited safety data.
                  • Interaction with medications: Ajwain might interact with certain medications, especially blood thinners and diabetes medications. Consult your doctor before taking ajwain if you're on any medication.


                    • Culinary: Ajwain adds a distinct earthy, minty flavor to dishes like curries, dals, pickles, and breads. It's also commonly used in tadkas (tempering) for added aroma.
                      • Medicinal: Ajwain water (soaking seeds in water and drinking the concoction) is a popular home remedy for digestive issues, cough, and cold. Ajwain paste can be applied externally for pain relief.
                        • Other uses: In some cultures, ajwain is used as a natural insect repellent and air freshener.


                          • Culinary: 1/2 to 1 teaspoon of seeds or powder is generally safe for culinary use.
                            • Medicinal: For adults, 1-2 grams of seeds or powder per day is considered safe. Always consult your doctor before taking ajwain for medicinal purposes.


                              • Ajwain seeds should be stored in an airtight container in a cool, dark place to preserve their flavor and potency.
                                • Consult your doctor before using ajwain if you have any underlying medical conditions or allergies.
                                  • Start with a small dose and gradually increase as needed, listening to your body's response.

                                    I hope this comprehensive guide provides you with a thorough understanding of ajwain and its potential benefits and drawbacks. Always prioritize a balanced diet and healthy lifestyle habits, and use natural remedies like ajwain in a responsible and well-informed manner.