'It seems that in the middle of the night some people have a fever / I hear some people's asthmatic breathing in the middle of the night'.
When I get close to these two lines while reading the poem 'Gachpalagulo' by poet Purnendu Patri, it really sounds like someone's asthmatic breathing. The feeling of pain is a little more because he is a doctor himself. In fact, this animate animal body that lives on earth, laughs, cries - all this is the coming and going of that vital air, breathing. If there is a disturbance in that breathing, it is difficult to breathe in the chest, but how uncomfortable it is, I can understand very well. This breathing discomfort is called 'asthma'. In English it is called 'asthma'.
Medical Explanation of Asthma Asthma
is actually an inflammatory disease of the respiratory system. This disease is long term. Inflammation of the respiratory system causes the airways to swell. After that gradually the symptoms like shortness of breath, cough, wheezing in the chest, pressure in the chest etc. started to appear. The name of the combined disease is asthma.
exact cause of asthma cannot be said. However, there are several factors that play a role in the development and persistence of asthma.
* This disease can be due to genetic or hereditary reasons. If someone in the family has this disease, then anyone in the next is at risk of being affected.
* Animal dander, pollen, pollen, fungus etc. are dangerous for asthma.
* The danger of asthma increases due to air pollution, cigarette smoke, various irritants from factories, strong smell of colors, cold air, strong spices etc.
* Overuse of various painkillers, aspirin, heroin etc. can cause asthma.
* Stress, excessive emotionality can also increase the severity of asthma in many cases.
* This disease usually occurs in boys in childhood and in girls it is more common in adulthood.
* In some people, eating certain types of food, such as beef, shrimp, hilsa, brinjal, can increase the level of asthma.
Symptoms of Asthma
* Prolonged shortness of breath
* Increased shortness of breath during seasonal changes
* Feeling of tightness in the chest
* Cough or dry cough
* Sudden whistling sound in the chest during breathing * Choking
Increased shortness of breath when dust gets into the nose and mouth
* Spirometry or peak flowmetry test: This is done to determine whether the patient has airway obstruction or not
* Methaclean challenge test: This tests for airway hyperresponsiveness.
* Blood test: Eosinophil serum IgE level is detected in blood and coffee.
* Skin prick test: This test is done to test for allergens or triggers.
* Salbutamol-like relievers immediately dilate the airways and reduce breathing obstruction.
* Antibiotics such as steroids, aminophylline, cromoglycate etc. are used.
* Inhaler is the most useful and modern in the of asthma. A very small amount of medicine is used to get good results. There are not many side effects.
* Use of nebulizer is also very effective in treating asthma. This is applied when the level of asthma is severe. However, it is important to keep the nebulizer properly.
* Intravenous steroid injections are often given to prevent asthma attacks.