Gastric problems: causes, symptoms, prevention and treatment - GITA
By gastric we mean various stomach problems. These include heartburn, bloating, abdominal pain, indigestion, nausea, and constipation. Gastric problems can arise for many different reasons, even as a result of dietary changes and lifestyle changes. Gastrectomy is a surgical procedure in which the entire stomach is removed. It is usually performed to treat stomach cancer, severe peptic ulcers, or other conditions that significantly impair stomach function. There are different types of gastrectomy procedures, including total gastrectomy (removal of the entire stomach) and partial gastrectomy (removal of part of the stomach). After gastrectomy, patients may need to make significant dietary adjustments to accommodate the changes in their digestive system.

Reason

Irregular eating habits: Fast eating, overeating, spicy food, cold food, outside food, drinking insufficient water etc.
Stress: Anxiety, depression etc.
Certain medicines: Such as aspirin, ibuprofen, etc.
Other: Allergy, Helicobacter pylori bacteria etc.

Symptoms

  • Heartburn
  • Abdominal bloating
  • Abdominal pain
  • Indigestion
  • Nausea
  • Constipation
  • Heartburn
  • Chest pain
  • Discomfort in the throat

Prevention

Regular eating habits: Eeating at regular times, eating in quantity, eating healthy food, drinking enough water.
Reduce stress: Regular exercise, yoga, meditation etc.
Precaution in taking medicine: Take medicine as per doctor's advice.

Treatment

Lifestyle changes: Following the prevention measures mentioned above.
Medicines: Heartburn medicines, acid neutralizers, digestive medicines, pain relievers etc.
In severe cases: Diagnosis and treatment by tests such as endoscopy, CT scan, biopsy etc.

Some home remedies

Ginger: Ginger is very beneficial for stomach problems. Consuming ginger tea on a regular basis eliminates gastric problems.
Cumin: Cumin improves digestion and relieves gas problems. Cumin powder mixed with water is beneficial.
Mint: Mint leaves are very cooling for the stomach. Drinking the juice of mint leaves mixed with water cures gastric problems.
Banana: Banana is good for stomach ulcers. Consuming bananas regularly helps to cure gastric problems.
Yogurt: Yogurt is rich in probiotics that improve digestion and relieve gastric problems.

Healthy living along with education is important to prevent gastric problems. Technical treatment may include anti-acids and management and medication. Multiple antacids and anti-acid medications may also be prescribed.